Jfgs Wjn | english  
Gos Rld blo:

Ql Jfd cfuf cj Jfo Gos Rld Rlhf tos eld zH Wln Xln GUs Wnf vfd 8 wM, RlMf Jfnf 29 * 1928, JfDs cfMf tks Glnf zH vfy xp 15 vfd 9 wM vjys * 1928 <2471>, JfDs vjn eo JfMf Efkf. Ql Jfd cfuf cj Jfo Gos Rld zks blo afps zH Wln tlpf Agf Vli Fpf xjd Fpf qfks, xfi tjms ams cfps ams qps xjnf zks blo Ql Jfd cfuf cj Gos Rld zH Wln vfd JfD Sgf afps zH Sfys rlos xfm qfks eld Flgf Flpf rjhs zH afm tlgf qfks. tfos Sfn Wnf blo Gos Rld, rfu zys Jo Sjms Flpf Gi cfi Vli wfgf zks ahs Fdf Qlp wd Wnf SYys aks Slnf rfu 2 afgf Sgf tlpf tfuf Sjuf Fpf Af, tlpf afgf Qjks Sfms cjp Sjuf zks 3 vfd afhs Sgf, rju Glnf Wjn Ed Fos eo 6 vfd afhs Sgf. vfd Xj aj Wnf Qgf V Jfnf cjo Jlps cjp Ql Jfd cfuf cj blo Sfks Bfns Wln Qli cfd xfi Jlns eld Qli rlks Kfif SjH tlpf zgs Sjys JfDs qd cj Sfys Qli Jlos Alks wfp. afps zH tlks vfd tfos Sfn SYys cjp rfu Kpf Vlus BfL zH Jlos qfks Bfk Sjys xnf qlks rjms tos alDf Fjgf Gkf Efys tlpf Fjhs wlof Sfms Blks Jfhs KfDf zlhs tlp tlDs cjp . Fpf zH qlks Vli cjm Kp wfgf Sfks xnf wfgf Gnf tlgf Wfhs wfgf ems Cfks eo rfu Ros cfMf bfks Jldf wgf Rlhf tos xnf eo tD wd Klm xjys qfks rlo Vlus BfL eln qlks Jfhs JlUs Jfhs Elys Cm wd Bjks Jo wfgf eo Xjm afps zH vfd tfos Sfn SYys.

Glos Rld Sf Jfgs Sjn:

RlMf cjm Wnf Qgf Jfo Gos Rld rfu vfy Ejps 13 Elkf, Flpf Qli cgf afps zH Wln vfd elMf tlDs Kyf afm tlgf qfks, Qli zks bfu Sf Sjys afm tlgf tlpf vfd tfos Sfn vld vld, Qli xji vfy bfu Sf Sjys, xfks wfos Fuf Jlgs Sjys Flpf Qli zos Ajgf Klu cfgs rfu Rd bfks Vli eld zos zH Rd Jos Jo Flpf Gos Rld cfo wfgf zks Sf Fdf xnf wfgf zks Wfhs wfgf zks ahs Fdf ajm Sjys SYys wd. Fuf Kjks wf Klu Gos Rld cfgs bfu Nfn zH Qli bfks Vfd Nf Nfn Cfks Fpf Klm Gfgf alIs Afu Alo rlo Xfos wfgf zfks vl Fpf rfd, vl zos tlpf Jlgs Klu Sjd Flgf eld el tlpf Jgs a vl zgs Sjys Kjks Nos, Fpf Sjd Flhs ahs Cfks v lams cfps ams qps cln Rfks rlo wfgf zks Sjys eld Sf wd, eo wd ajnf al Flpf eo qfhs bfks Vfd Nf Jlhs Nfn a Sjd wfgf afuf Fpf wd Sjys zH vl Sfd Qli bfks Vfd Nf Ju wd rju Qli zgs Sjys Qli zos al meld Xfos Fpf Klm ajm Sjys Flpf zos afps zH Jlgs Flpf wfgf eo Gos Rld zos Sjms wfgf Glnf wd Sjys afm tlgf, bfks Vfd Nf xjnf zks Nfn zH Gos Rld Nfn Cfks vl Rfks bli Fuf bfks Afu Alo Sfd, wfgf rfu cfd Qjks Vfd xnf wfgf rfu cfd Qjks zos zks ajm Sjys EfMf wd efi al Fpf xos ald vl Ju alos rg qfos Flhs eo cfd Qjks zos

Ql Jfd cfuf cj Jfo Gos Rld Rlhf tos eld zH Xln GUs rlos tfms wd Wnf blo eld ems zH Wnf Qli Rfks ald xlks tjms xnf zks rfu alhs Kjd rjm Sfd, afps; rfu tlpf vfy Qli Sfms Nfn zH Qli alhs xfi Nfn Cfks Qli rlo bfu Fks Kli qhs eld xjnf zks Ghs xos xnf Sluf, SjL tlpf xfi tjms xjnf ajH eld Agf, Gos Rld xjnf Kp Cfks Cm bfu Sjgf cji Xfos qfos Jgf efn zlH Jldf wd Klm.

Kjks wf Jf blys Ejms, Gos Rld Sfms Sjos ajLf eld cjks Rlks JfIs Sjgf cji qfos bfks tjms cji Qjks vfd Gld Ejd xjnf rlo rfhf zks vfd Wlyf VlMf Fm Flpf eld zlH Qli Jlks KjMf Kji efUs aks A qfks. tfos Sfn Wnf Gos Rld Jlks aks eld WMf Fys JfIs rlo Sjgf cji Rfp, Qli Sfms ajy Cl tlpf vfd rjos Nfn zfd ElL AfMs efis Wos vjys rfks zH Qli Nfn Cfks al wfgf Klks rlo Sjgf cji, eo vl Kfp al afpf blks Q eld Jlhs al Rfp, al wfgf afuf Ghs xos, tfms vfy efi bfu Klu al wfgf afuf eDf al alhs xfi Qfhs xnf a Qli wfgf afuf Sfks GlH bfu Fpf qfks a Xlm bfu ems zH vfy al afpf blks Q cfgs cjp cfhf Vli efgf , al Cm wd bfu JfIs Jly tys vluf xnf eld afps Wln Agf Rfp, wd efi xjnf wd rlo tlos Am bfd zks, xnf al bfu Kfgf a zks tlpf vfd Agf cfyf qfhs cfuf tlos Glhf W afpf vfd ajU GlH eDf zH tlpf blks qlhs rnf, xlIf Rgf xm Jfhs Efyf eld Fpf A clks Sfn, JfIs a Sfms chs rlo rfu Vli Kfif afgf Gi Kjm cj Jfgs Wjn eld zH al. Wnf Gos Rld ajy ajm bfd Nfn SYy Kjks efIf, Qli xjnf Jp wlof Vfd Fpf Klm wfgf ahs rfu cfd Qjks afps ajU Qjks wd, Qli xjnf efof Kp Cfks ajm zfd zks Nfn Cfks GlLf RD Alm Fpf wd efi, Jgf eo afhs, Qli zks Ghs xos KT Klm Qli Sfms zlH zfys qfhs <3> Blks rlof zH Sfys Qli Jlos bh Fpf vfy vfus Kfo xd Alhs eD. Qli ajH ajy Fdf tlpf vfd rjos Nfn Wos vjys rfks Nfn Cfks vl eo JfD cfd wms, eo al cfd wms Flpf zks efgf al eld cfgs cjp Fpf Vli afps zH xjys qfks, wfgf eo RD al rlo vgf zks Fpf BfH zfL wd vl ajm bfd Nfn Qli xjnf Kp tlpf Clns zH Wln rjDf xos Cfks v lams qps Fpf rfd efi Alpf eo ajm bfd efi rfu cjgf Clks Alpf vl rlo Fpf wd Klm Fpf zks, vluf eld vl Rfks wfgf rfu, qlTf eld Rfks rlo ems Xjm em, eo vl cgf eld Ajd qlks Wjn Rd efi xnf eif Alpf Efkf aks qlys rlo rju Jldf wgf eld blo alhs xfi vfks Afos. Qli Sfms ajH Jlus ajy Fdf tlpf vfd rjos Wos vjys rfks Nfn Cfks afuf Sluf cjp ems ajU al Kp SYys, vl Ju wd efgf qfhs <3> blks JfD eld Jlhs al Fpf Agf qfks, em qlTf xnf afdf alDf, al rlos vfy efi bfu a Rms afpf <2> vfy, vfy qfhs Alm al wfH Gi qlTf bfu zH aks qfks a zfms Rfp, Alm al ajH eld Agf, eln vluf Alm al bfu rlo Afu wfg Rfp Alm cfo ali wfgf Kjks wd Sfd. Wnf Gos Rld ajy ajm bfd Nfn SYys Kjks, Qli xjnf zks cjm G cfp Fpf BfH wd bfd tlms, Qli zks rlos Eg ems Cl zH vfy qfhs <3> Qli xjnf Sjos ajLf Vfg xnf wfH zks tlpf Bl Gi qlTf bfu ems aks qfks, Fp Klm Sfms ahs tlpf vfd Afu rps Agf afhs rfd Rfks Fpf xlks afps zH Sfys Qli Xdf qfks Sfd, Qli Fpf EfMf Xfos efi Fpf xlm Sfms ahs tlpf Jlhs Wg Jl QjH KjL aMf BfMf Wos vfd Agf afhs rfd wfif aMf BfMf eld rlo Fjd bks Jlus. tfos Sfn SYys, Qli xjnf efof clds ems ajm bfd Nfn Sfys vfd rjos Flpf Qli ajy qfhs <3> vfy zds eld, Qli xjnf wd rju Sf Gi AjTf efgf zH Wln vfd Agf afhs rfd Alm Qli Sfms wlks xjLf ajH eld Agf Sfd. vfy aks Jlus Qli zks ajH wfH Fdf tlpf Bl Gi qlTf ajH Jlus bfu tjLf. afps zH vfy afpf Flpf Qli bfu efi, Qli Sfms bfu ahs tlpf Jlhs Eji vhs tjd Kjus Gm; Kfo Ejhs alIs eld Q ajm Gi AjTf Flpf Slnf vfy Qli Kfif bfu Fpf qlys zH Fuf Cuf ajU Bk. Qli xjnf ajH rju Qli Sf qlTf efgf Ajgf zH Sfys ajU Bk vfus Alm Qli Sfms wlks xjLf ajH eld Agf Sfd xnf. vfy qfhs Qli xjnf wd ajH wfH Fdf tlpf Bl qlTf bfu tjLf afpf Bl Flpf Rfks vfp Apf bfu zH qhs qfks Sfd a zfms Rfp Alm Qli Sfms ajH eld Agf wfgf bfu Sfd.

Gos Rld xjnf wd eld tgf Rlks tys vluf Ajgf Cm, Qli xjnf bfu xlms Gkf xnf Efys eld Kfgf zks tlpf vfd Agf cfyf eDf tlpf blks qlhs rnf, JfIs Rgf xm Jfhs Eys eld tlhs clks Sfn wd Qli zks ajy eld Sfys vfd rjos Nfn Wos vjys zH Qli. afps; rfu tlpf elUs, Gos Rld afps ems tlpf Kjks efUs, Qli Agf Vli zlgf eMf Klks, Fpf Klm Sfms a Bfns afpf blks vfks FlM GUs Sfys Qli GlH Xhs eld, Gos Rld zks bn Cfks WfP! qfi rfks eld afpf blks?. Rfks eo Rfpf eld CU Jfgs Wjn GUs xnf vhs Slnf zH al. Gos Rld zks Sjos Vfgf bfu Kfif Cl zks afpf vfd eks eld efgf rlh Sfys GlH Kjms Zh SjL WMf. Sjd WMf tlos Jnf Am Wjof bfd Afu wfgf Alm afpf blks vfks FlM Sjys xjnf a Gos Rld bfu rju Rlm qu xnf Sjys eld zos Alpf SjL rlo CU zH Gos Rld. Qli xjnf wd bfu rju zks Qli ajm Sjys Gkf xnf ajm F JfL eld, Jlks wfos Qli wfgf rfu qu. Qli xjnf zks bli afpf blks FlM Sjys Nfn Cfks vl wfgf rfu Rlm qu Alpf rlo Fpf wd Klm? afpf blks FlM xjnf zks a Qli bfu rju Gkf al meld afMf Fpf Rlm qu, Qli xjnf wd zks rju Gkf afMf zks tlpf blks Rlm qu rju Am zH afpf blks FlM SYys. afpf blks FlM SYys xjnf zks tjos bfks Rlm qu Gkf xnf ajm F JfL eld zos Sjys zH Sfys Qli ajm Sjys Gkf CI Qli. Gos Rld xnf afpf blks FlM SYys Sf vjms ems tlpf Kjks efUs Fdf Klm Sfms ahs tlpf Jlhs Vli a Bfns Sfys Gos Rld GlH Xhs eld, Sjd Ky Elgf efhf vfdf xnf alm wfIs tm Jfdf eD Kfif SjH Rgf xm Jfgs Elys rfks eluf zlm Fys Sfn xnf Nfn zH Sjd Cfk qfhs EfMf xos Bl zfL zH ajU rfu qli eld Fpf ajm Sfm cfos, qfhs rfu Rgf xm, Jfhs Elys, xnf xjps Clms rfks Sfn qli. Jlhs Vli SYys Sjd Sfms afps tlpf Clns Rfp Alm Sfms Nfn zH Gos Rld Cfks ajm xjps Flpf qfhs rju zH al efi Klu qfhs wfgf zks Kfif rfks ajnf al bfu Kfif.

Jlhs Vli efif zks cks Xjm xnf CU a Gos Rld bfu Fpf Agf cjgs rjos afps elks Sjd, Sjd Ju wd alm Qli bfu CU Bk rju xjps zH Qli efi Alm Sjd Sfms ajH Jlus bfu Kjks Sfd. afps tlks Clns Rfp Alm afpf blks vfks FlM Sfms Cfks SjL rlo ajH bfu Ju eld Fdf efi Klm Sfms Cm wd alns wfmf Sfys GlH Xhs Sfd xnf. Gos Rld xjnf Ju zks Qfhs zlgf eMf. zks tlpf vfy aks Jlus Gos Rld xjnf wd zks Fpf BfH wd ajm bfd Sjd Nfn, xnf CU zH Qli. Gos Rld xjnf wd bfu afps elks zks tlpf Afu wfgf Fpf Klm Sfms ahs ajm Vli Sjys eld, Sjd Ky Elgf EfMf tlpf wd efUs Sjd eld Flkf Qli aks Qli Agf Kjys. ajm Vli SYys xjnf zks bn Gos Rld Nfn Cfks al rfks Sfd efi Alm eDf qfhs bf? Gos Rld zks qfks xnf eDf Sjd bfu BfH wd Nfn. Sjd alm Qli bfu CI qlks Bk Fpf rfu xjps xnf a QLi Syf Alm Sjd xjnf Ju Xof Qli bfu Sfd. aks Jlus Qli Syf ajm xjps Kjks Qli xjnf Ju Wfhs Cfks ajm Vli SYys eo Vli Wus vjys. Gos Rld xjnf wd zks ajm xjps efi alm eld tjos Fpf QLi ajm qldf vi Fuf Jo BfH wd JfD cfd wms zks tlms xnf tlus Jms a Qli Fpf.

tfms wd Wnf Sjys eld, afpf blks vfks FlM Sfms cfgs xji efUs eld CU Sjys zH Qli. Fuf zfMf afpf blks vfks FlM SYys eld CU vjms zH Qli Klu Flgf eld vfd tfos Sfn Wnf Gos Rld alhs xfi Afu rps Qfhs zlgf eMf Kjks Sfd Rfp wfgf eld vfd Xjm Sjos Bfdf cgf wfgf zks Qfhs wd. afpf blks vfks Fl Meld CU vjms efi eld Wnd Qjks Klu cfo Cm wd a Bfns Sfys GlH Xhs eld Rfp. Fuf efUs Gos Rld Bfks Cl Rgf xm Alm afpf blks FlM SYys cfo a Bfns Sfys GlH Xhs eld CU Jfgs Wjn zH Gos Rld ems qlks Kjks efUs Fdf wd. afpf blks vfks FlM efi cfgs xji efUs eld CU vjms Jfgs Wjn wd efi zH Qli, afps; Sfms rfu tlpf elUs rlo ems vfd Xjm afpf blks vfks FlM eld CU Sjys zH Gos Rld, Qli xjnf Bfks Cl Rgf xm xnf Fpf Rfks EfMf EjO qfos afpf blks FlM eld wd Klm eld xnf efn eld ajU Qjks eld Clks;, Fpf xlm Qli Sfms ajy KfM Bfns Sfys Qli ef Bks Jlos aks Qli alhs xfi Qfhs eld Sfd Alm Sfms Cm wd ahs SjL a Bfns Sfys GlH Xhs eld wd Fuf efUs. Wnf Gos Rld ahs cjgf wd efi Sfd, Qli xjnf Wfhs cjgf Cfks vfd Wlyf VlMf Fm Flpf Qli alhs xfi zlH alks A eo afpf blks vfks FlM Sjys Sfd Cfks.

afpf blks vfks FlM efi zks eld CU Jfgs Wjn GUs zH Gos Rld em Fys zH vfd zH wM vjys xp Qli Ju wd Gfyf bfu rg Flkf Qli ajm qfks. tfos Sfn Qli bfu ems aks qfks, Qli ahs Cfks Fpf Klm qlTf Rfks rfks Rp co zfL Gnf Bfns qfks Kjks Sfd Fpf zH Qli EfMF xos Cfks ajm Eji vhs tjd Kjus cfo eld Jlhs Qli qfgf qlTf Clks. Qli zks ajH eld Sf Jfgs Wjn ems Fys vfd Kfkf wM vjys xp, Qli Ju ajH Jlus Gfyf bfu Xfos qfks Fdf. Wnf Qli bfu ems zH qhs qfks eld vj wfgf ahs qfks JlDs ajU Qjks wd, Qli xjnf Fpf Rfks EfMf Xfos efi Fpf xlm Kli Fjgf Rfks rju ajm alDf xlms Gnf Bfns qfks Kjks xjnf wfgf rfu alDf wd Sfd. Gos Rld xjnf zks EfMf xos efM Cfks ajm Wg Jl QjH, Eji vhs tjd, xnf Kli Fjgf eo qfhs blks JfD Flpf QLi zks ajy JfD cfd wms zks Nfn zH Qli Sfd Clks, Qli xjnf zks EfMf xos efM wlks xjLf ajH Jlus eld Agf.

Gos Rld xjnf zks eld zH xos efg Sf Jfgs Wjn Sfys afpf blks vfks FlM ems Cl zH Wnf vfd 9 wm xp 15, * 1959, Alm Qli alhs xfi Sfms cfhf cjp zks afpf cfd vfks XfLf. Wnf cfhf cjp zks afpf blks vfks XfLf efi zks wd afpf Kjks wf Alm Gos Rld JfIs rlo bn wlns wfks AfIs zH QLi afpf cfd Afu vfks Alm Sfms bfu bn xfi Nfks xnf Sfo tjms a rfks eDf Gf. vfy Flpf xfi Nfks xnf Sfo tjms SjL Sjos A rfks Alm vjys zks Fpf Kji afp Kji Fm SfTf Qlys Fpf zH qlMf Gfgf Vli bfu wfgf zks ajU Qjks wd Jlks wfos xfi Nfks xnf Sfo tjms SjL vj cgf Gfgs; rfks ems Sfys Gos Rld Agf xnf. tfos Sfn Wnf xfi Nfks xnf Sfo tjms rfks ems Fys Jfn cgf vfys Kji ClTf BfTf, xfi Nfks Sfms bfu WMf Fys Sfys Km elm tlhs qm xnf Qlo Gos Rld SjL afpf xfi tjms Cfks afpf Cli vfks VlL, qfks Rfks wfgf bfu Fpf wd afps Wln Agf zfL Rfp Alpf cgf efn blo zks afpf Cli Afu rps XfLf xnf Alpf qfi rlo rju Jldf wgf eld ali Kfi?. xfi Nfks Jlks cfgs qm qgs wfgf Ajgf wd Alm Sfms Fpf zH afpf blks Afu rps XfLf SjLf qlg Fju tnf qp rjg Kjks, Gos Rld Xfos alMf Kfi Kln Fpf Alm afpf blks Afu rps EfMf wd SYys Sfd Alm Qli xjnf wd rju Cl zks tlpf blks Klhs Gkf al meld zgf Cl F JfL xnf zos Blgf Fjgf zks afpf qfhs AfIs Sjys Jfgs Wjn Flpf eo afpf blks vfks XfLf CU Am Cl zH Qli Sfo tjms xnf Nfn zH QLi Sfn tjms Cfks al rju ajm Sjys efi zH xfi, eo xfi cps zks efi Alm wd Ju qm, eo xfi cps wfgf zks efi Alm a xfi wfgf afuf qm Sfd. cfd Sfo tjms Nfms zfL zks xjnf rju Xfos alMf efi Klm eo Sjys Sjms, xjnf rju Am Efd zH xfi Nfks Xfos, xfi Nfks Nfms zfL xnf rju alm eld Fpf EfMf Xfos efi Fpf xlm eo AfIs Sjys Sjms Clks, eo wd Sjys Qli xjnf wd afps bfhs Clg efks wfgf qm tjLf Sfd. afp blks Afu rps XfLf SjL vfd qlg Fju xjnf wd ajH xhf EfMF wd vfus rfks. Kjks wf aks Jlus Sjos ajLf Vfgf Sjd xjnf rju afpf blks Afu rps XfLf bn wlns xnf wfks AfIs zH. bfks afM rju wfks AfIs bn Fpf Jlgf Jfo eln bfks zo rju wfks AfIs bn Fpf Jlp Jfo efi. aks Jlus rju afpf blsk Afu rps wfks AfIs Kjks, xfi Nfks xnf Sfo tjms SjL Ju wd bfu Agf Sfd.

afpf blks Afu rps XfLf cfhf cjp zks eld Fpf Vli zH Wln vfd rfd Fhs efi wfgf zks Ays BfH xos Kp, bfks afM Flpf bn Fpf Jfo Jlgf eld afps zks 7 vfy Rfp Alm Sfms Gnf tlDs Sfd, rlhf Jfo Jlp afps zks 7 vfy aks Jlus Alm Qli Sfms Gnf tlDs Sfd xnf. aks Jlus afpf blks Afu rps zks rDf tos Sfd, Q Jfd cfuf cj zks bks xos cln xnf efof afpf blks Afu rps Bl zfL, Alm Qli Sfms ahs tlpf Xdf Sjys Flpf eo Jlp Jfo zks zos xnf vjgf tlpf blks cly Bks efgf Ajgf Cm. afps zH Sfys Xfdf Sjys SYys, zos Nfn Cfks tfms vfy Flpf Rfpf zks eld eDf al afps Rfks Rms 7 vfd wM xnf 7 vfy Sfd, Rfpf eld WMf efi Flgf eo eld Jlhs al Rfp, Wnf al xfi Nfks rfks Alm tfks zld Jl Rfks a Rfpf XDf Am Jgf rfu Rp cfuf KfI ajDf Alm efn rfu cjks cu zH al, tD wd efi Qli xjnf zks Fpf qlys Sfd Cm vl eDf al afps tlpf Fjps bys tjLf Rfp. Rfpf vfd Fjd Wjn Rd Flgf eo Kfif bfks Jfgs Wjn eld zH al xnf a al alm bfu CU zH Xln GUs xnf Xln vfhs Slnf BfH wd JfD cfd wms zks efgf Rfpf wfif eld Jlhs al Rfp, al rlo vgf efks Wfks wd efi Alpf wfgf afuf Fhf ems Rfpf Sfd. Jlgf Sjys efi zos CU a al Wfhs Cfks Jfgs Wjn Kfp eld zH Xln GUs xnf vfhs Slnf Klu Flgf Kfp eld tfms wd efi Sfd Rfp. eo Xln Qjks Nfms rlo Alm rlo zks EfMF tfms efi bfu eln Xln Qjks wfgf Vfd rlo Klu Sjd cgf rlo zlH ams qps bfu rfm xfks Sfd aks qlys tjLf Ju wd ajH Kfp Jfgs Wjn eld Fdf. al rlo vgf zks Wfhs Cfks JfD cfd wms zks xlms tms a tfms efi Sfd aks qlys Klu tlpf xfks Vli Qjks Flgf vfhs afps rfu 85 Elkf Sfd Rfp, xnf JfD cfd wms zks Nfn Cfks GUs wd Jfgs Wjn Klu zlH Fjd Rd Xln Vli rlLs qhf eld Sfd Ays eo wd JfD cfd wms zks rju tms tfms efi bfu Cfks eo Xln Vli Qjks Flpf zks rlLs qhf Jfgs Wjn GUs xnf Rlps cj Xln GUs Klu rlo zlH Fjd Rd Xln Vli rju Qli rlLs qhf Xjm vjgf tlks Jo zfL xnf. eo Xln Vli Qjks Jlhs Rlps cj GUs xnf vfhs Slnf bfks Jfgs Wjn Klu Xln Vli Sjys xjnf rlo zks Nfms JfD cfd wms wd G EUs.

tfms wd vfy efi bfu, al rlo ajH efof Jlus Kjks efIf tlpf Flhs Kgf Jo Flpf JfD cfd wms Rfks zks rju vfd Fjd tjnf cu afm zH al xnf a al eld cfgs cjp Fpf qlys eld cfhf Vli afps zH xjys qfks efi Sfd efgf Rfpf Ju Kfif Jfgs Wjn Sjd Jlus eld zH al. JfD cfd wms Rfks efgf cfo G cfo rn eld zH al xnf efgf al cfnf Jf qlhs cp Sfd, al rlo vgf zks Fpf BfH XDf wd vfd Fjd tjnf cu xnf vfd cfo G cfo rn Flpf JfD cfd wms zks afm zH al SYd.

tfms wd Q Jfd cfuf cj zks cps Xdf Sjys Kjks, BfH wd zks zos Ajgf, xjnf wd zks Fpf zH Qli ajH clp efof KlH Fuf Jo vfd cfi cfuf Fjhs Wnf vfpf eld bfu zH Jks tos vfd Xjm Flpf Qli ajH cjDs cfu efi. tD eo wd efi, Ql Jfd cfuf cj xjnf rlo zks Fpf BfH wd JfD cfd wms qlks bfd tlus Jms a Qli Fpf. eo wd Qli xjnf zks eld cjks rju Agf clks Agf Sfn Flpf eo vfd Agf cfyf xnf xjnf zks eld CU bfks Jfgs Wjn BfH wd Qli zks Sf eld Sfys Qli afpf blks Afu rps XfLf Flpf eo Qli afpf blks Q Flpf JfD cfd wms efgf Sjd Jlus xnf Kfif Jfgs Wjn eld CU Q Jfd cfu cj. tfms Wnf Sjys Flpf eo Rms zH Efkf 1959, Q Jfd cfuf cj xjnf zks CU bfks Jfgs Wjn zH Rlps cj GUs xnf Rlps cj vfhs Slnf Fpf vlys bfMf zH Wln qfks Bfk afm tlgf xnf eld Flgf Flpf eo Jfo Alm qfks tgf cfu. Qli zks CU Jfgs Wjn zH Gm cfd EfMf Vli xnf Vli Ejhs Qli Gm vjMf bfMf ems Cl zH Wnf Gfgf QDs afm tlgf wfgf zfms xos xnf xlIf rju Qli Alys, Fpf zH Q Jfd cfuf cj zks tlg A ams qps xos, rjm Jks zys Kgf Jo xjnf zks QjH xjLf Sfys afm tlgf qfks eld bfu afps zH Jlos eld Flgf qfks eld BfH Slnf BfMf qlhs JfD ajhs cfi Rfgf zH Jlos Gld cjm. Sfms Qli xlyf xnf bfu ems ajU Qjks eld qlks A qgs cfgs wfgf efgf Qli Ajgf, tD Fuf ajU Bk Qli eld afps eo qlhs cp GUs xnf vfhs Slnf Wfhs Alm Sjd cfgs rfks Sf Jfgs Wjn Sfys Qli Alm cfgs Fpf zH Qli afps wfgf zfks tD qlks ai Qgf Fjd wfgf zfms xos, Fjd cfgs Jlks xlIf A rju Qli ajms xnf Wm Fks zH vfpf zH efi, Qli xjnf xlms tms xos Nfn Cfks GUs vfd xos cgf EfMf wfgf zks zfms, Afgf wfgf ems ajU rlo cfhf tlpf Xln, wfgf zks Wfhs ems alms A Fpf cfi JD cfu, rfu cfks, rfu blks, Flpf rlo zks rfu A Sdf vln Jfof Vfof, A tlos Jm Rn, tlos vfM xnf tlos Jlhs a cfi JDf Jlus Xln GUs afps rfH qfMf, ajyf rfH Fhf, afps rfu GUs ai, Sjos rfu GUs Qgf, WMf Fpf GUs Rlms, Sjos Fpf GUs tjms, Wfhs clks Sfn vfd vjys, vfM Fhf Xdf rfd Fhs a cjuf JD rjg GH Qks cli Bks rlH A Kks * xfks GUs Flgf rfu afps rfu G efys AfIs JD cfu Efof e. ei wd Ql Jfd cfuf cj Jfo Gos Rld xjnf zks xlms tms xos Wlhs Fdf cfi wfh Fdf Am a Gus vfd xos wlif Ju cfgs cjp ajH eld Jlhs xnf Sfm GUs zH Rd Fof xnf Rd cfuf alhf vjys Wnf afhs qfMf Slms Jfys, GlTf FU Slms eks, qldf Slms Qlys Afof alks, Vli xjys qfks vfd Xjm tlos Qfks Sjos eld xlIf ali Ju ems vfd tMf Qms Gos Rld ajH eld Jlhs GUs Sfm Xln Fdf xh.f

eo wd, Gos Rld xjnf zks tlU xos efgf Fuf Jo ajH rfks zH aks Jlus Cm Qli Xln Vli wH Blks bfu aH to cu qfks a bfu Sf vjms Shf wm a Wfhs alys Ajd Jfd NDs Wln Xln xnf a Slms tlos vfM, tlos Jlhs, Slms Bmf GUs cfks GUs blks, Slms Rn GUs vjms GUs wm xnf a Slms Rn vfd vjys Xdf Kpf alms A Jfof Vfof Ju wlks Xln GUs ajH eld afps Fpf Jlhs Gf Fpf alIs cfgs tlpf Xdf Kpf Gf tlpf vfd qfks Bfk afps zH Gfks aks Jlus * 2005 ajH Wlos. Qli xjnf zks Xfof Qli Xln GUs vfdf GUs Fjg Wnf vfd 1 wfM vjys xp 21 * 1971 Wnf 9 clks 30 Sjos ajLf.

cfuf cuf Sjys eld wd Klm:

bfks Jfgs Wjn efi Qli cjks zks BfH bfMf xnf efn cjks rfu bfks Wlus EfMf wd xji vfy efi eld tD bfks Ql eld CU cfo zks CU rfu cfuf cuf CfMf eld wd SYys. bfks Ql CU rju cjks ajm vfo Wlus BfL eld BfH bfMf Qlp wd rju bfks cj eld cjks Fpf bfMf 1 eld tD Fuf Jo Rlhf tos rlo vgf eo rfu vfd cj Wln zfhs xnf rfu ajU tjk cj xjnf Rlhf tos zks. Wlus Sjys Jfgs Wnf Slnf zlMf Flpf xfi Sjys SjLs zks Sfks eld eo rfu bfks Jo QLf EfMf wd JDf efi:

xjgs Sjys Jfhs
vfo Wlus BfLf / Vowels

Kld Wlus BfL / Consonants


xfi Sjys tlhs CU Jfgs Wjn & Glu cj K



Glo Rld tlhs CU vjms:

afps zH Efkf 1959, Ql Jfd cfuf cj Jfo Gos Rld xjnf Ju wd tlhs CU GUs bfks alu rj Jfgs Wjn zH qlMf Gfgf Xln. Ql Jfd cfuf cj Jfo Gos Rld Rlhf tos WMf efi Qli tlpf Vli Efys rfu qfhs vfd cfu alu, Rln tk, V xfks Qlp wd:
  1. bfks Glu cj K Xln
  2. bfks alu rj Jfgs Wjn GUs
  3. tfk Ejks Xln


Wn xfi Sjys eld CUs bfks Glu cj K xnf bfks alu rj zH qlhs cp GUs, Qli ahs zks Cfks Afmf rlo zks tuf efyf a cfu xnf BfLf xnf a Glo to zH GUs, tD GUs vfd xos vf xnf vld cln Sf wfgf zks BfH xos Kp. eo wd SYys Gos Rld xjnf wd zks rju bfks Sjys Jfgs efyf xnf cjks zks BfH wd JDf efi zH qlMf Gfgf GUs Sjos Bfdf zks Sf cps xnf zos eld Fpf GUs bfks Sjys Xln. bfks Rlm Rhs Flpf xfi Sjys zks efyf zH GUs tjos eo rfu bfks Jo QLf xnf Rlm Rhs wd JDf efi:

Jfgs Wjn GUs xjgs Sjys xg

vfo Wlus BfL / Vowels

cjccfclVVfVl
tlttftjwwfwl
WfWWjWlzzfzl
vfvvjvlbbfbl
qfqqlAAfAlAj
XfXXjXlNNfNl
GGfGlEEfElEj
SSfSlSjBBfBl
rjrrfrlFFlFj
afaalajefele
xxfxjxlCCfCl
JlJJfKKfKlKj
RfRRlQQfQlQj
xjgs Kld Wlus Bf / Consonants

DDfDs  IIfIs
ggfgs  ppfps
yyfys  MMfMs
hhfhs  LLfLs
kkfks  nnfns
OOfOs  UUfUs
oofos  OOfOs
mmfms  TTfTs
ddfds  uufus
HHfHs  PPfPs


Glu cj K Gos Rld Qgf cj V Bl BlLf


Agf cfyf/Agf Sfn cfMf

vfd Agf Sfn cfMf Sfys Xln Rlps cj GUs Flpf Qgf cj V Jfnf cjo Jlps cjp Ql Jfd cfuf cj Jfo Gos Rld zks SjLs xnf tgf zH Xln GUs eo vfd EfMf wd efi Flpf wfks AfIs bn Fpf Agf cfy. vfd Agf cfyf efi Qli vfd Jo QLf rfu qfhs Glhf, rfu 12 vfd ajU GlH Sfks. vfd Am cfo cfyf Jd Fjhs wlof.

qlof blys clks Sfn/qlhs cfo



bfks qlhs cfo eld wfos qlof blys efi Qli rfu bfks Jo QLf EfMf wd efi. eo tjos eld Fpf A clks Sfn Sjos Am A wDs Efu xnf Fpf alk Flms aH Sfo Qgf vjys. bfks qlof blys efi Qli rfu Wfhs JlDs qfhs cnf Bks elo Flms bfks qlof rjn Kjus zH Wos zn. bfks qlof blys efi Fms zks xnf tjos zks zH Wln JfD Ejd Jlos WlDf xnf Jlos Wln eld zks tlks Jo zfL. ajU ald xnf xos Klu afps Sfys qlos xfps Fpf ald xos wd Klm Rfp.

G cfhf Xln


GUs alhs G Sfo Qms cfuf alhf Wnf tjk cj vfd Wln zfhs Flpf rfu Fpf tlpf vfd G cfhf ald Wln Xln Vli Flpf eo vfd G cfhf Efkf xhf Flpf GUs bn Fpf xgf qfhs zlm. vfd G cfhf efi eo Fpf eld Sjos Am alms A rfu cfo Sfys GUs bfks Slnf alm Flpf Sjos eld Fpf JfD K Xln GUs Flpf eo Sln Rks Sjos xnf Sln Qn Jp, ru WjL wld xnf Qli bfks tjms rks cjk Xjd Jfo tjd Rp Sjd zks Sfks vfd Qgf to Sjos eld K vfd qfks Bfk Flpf tlos Qfks Afof bfks qlof blys Flpf Sjd zks clns alDf FTf clTf xnf rjm xfH vlUs zH Wln vfd Wln zfhs eo cfd Qjks Afof efys zH Wos vfd wfg Flpf wfgf Ghs wfgf zlH xfH vlUs afk Alm xjnf eo GUs bfks JfD. eo wd Sjys tfos Sfn Sjys Sjd Wfhs blks Sjys xjnf zks Sfks Qgf to eld rlks rlof clns tlpf Afm Gnf Bfns a wfgf FTf alH Sjd xjnf Afof zks bfks qlof rjn Kjus bfu zH Wos vfd wfg. eo wd Sjys Wnf Sjd Afof efys Sfd Sjd xjnf Sjos eld K Rlps cj Xln GUs xnf Fuf Jn rkf Xln Vli afps eDf Sjd. vfd Xjm Ejps efi eo Rms zH Wnf vfd 12 wfM RlMf Jfnf 30. eo wd Fuf Fuf Efkf ems vfd Xjm vfus, Wln Xln Vli GUs xjnf wd eld Fpf vfd G cfhf efof ems alms A rfu cfo Sfys Sjd Xln Vli. wd efi, Wnf rlo ems vfd G cfhf efi, GUs xjnf cfgs rlks rlof eld ali xnf efd Sfys qlks Fpf Bk tm vfd xjms wlg Sfys ajm rlof xnf cfgs eld Rd wlof bfks qlof rjn Kjus. xji vfy efi GUs xjnf cfgs cgf rju Efys eld wfks FM Rd vfos Cfks a Fuf Jo A qgs alns bfu rlo elks Nfms Jo EfMf zH vfd Efkf xhf Flms bfu, Sjd xjnf Fks ags Fpf A cfo wlg.

GUs bfks qlof tm A rfu cfo xnf A xjms tg EfMf wd JDf efi:


GUs Glu K alu alm

qfhs vfd Jgf Slnf Flpf cgf cjm Jfhf Bfns zH GUs tjos (Xfus) afps zH GUs Glu K xnf Glu cj Kjm

Jgf Slnf tlpf
Wnf blo eo WMf tlpf

qfhs GUs Fuf; cfd Flpf cgf alm xnf Ejo XDf BH wd GUs ( Glu K alu alm xnf Glu cj Kjm ) Clks; Klu, Wnf blo Sfks Cl Wln xfi vfd Jlns eld rlos Eg rfu qfhs Kjks wf, Alm Kjks bfMf qfhs Sfys, xfi xnf tjms Sfms rlo rju vjps rju Rks bn wlns eld tfp, Jlks wfos rlo vg rju tlpf blks zd Xfus Fus Bfus eld tDs Jldf ehs eDf cjks tlpf vfd Jfnf zH ajU GlH Kjks Jlols WDf vfpf.

xjd cfuf wd Nfn zos eo Fpf zlgf zH alhs Jldf ehs efgf vfks w eld Slnf blo xnf qlm rd Fpf zlgf zH tgf xjps bfks cj wDs vfks w zH alhs Jldf ehs Alpf Qli Ju Klp eld zH Gi cfi. wfgf Klks wd rlo vgf rju tlpf Rms Xfus eo blks WjL blks zd al meld bn wlns eDf tlpf tys vluf Afus xnf vfd Afus eDf afpf Rgf Jlkf xjnf bn zks Cfks, xfi tjms, wfks AfIs qfhs Kjks wf xjnf chs cfhf tlpf bfks cfMf Vli wd qfhs Fuf; bfks Sfys efi.

Jgf Slnf afpf
Wnf wfms tfms SfL eo WMf afpf

qfhs Vli GUs Fuf; cfd Wnf tlos wfms tfms SfL Sfd, rlo zks bfks Jlps eld ems vlhs qfhs Kjks w frlo vgf rju tlpf Rms Xlus eld bn wlns Fpf Af eDf zH bfks vfks xnf JfIs tlpf Rms Fpf bos, Wnf ali bos aks xfi tjms cjp cj bfks tgf Gi cfi tos. wfgf Klks wd cgf JIs Rms bfMf qfhs eo alm bfu Fpf Ghf zH aks xfi Nks Sfo tjms Wnf Ghf el xlks rju eld tlos tgs xfi tjms afps blks ali Ejo Ghf tgf el Cfks, vfy efi cfhf Ghf Ajg el Sfd Clks.

Wnf ali Ghf zlhf Jlus, zfn el zlks el Qfd xks zH Wln xfi Nks Sfo tjms Agf Sfd ajH eld, xfi tjms tfgs Jlgf cjuf AfMf tfgs rm cfu, wlks ajH xfi tjms tys bos alH, Ag, aju xldf tlpf Wjhs afpf eld cgf ajm tys tlpf Rms Xfus JfIs Fpf bos. ajH eld ems eks A tjms rks qlu G ajH qlm rd Fpf xfi tjms bfks Qg tgf zlgf Cfks Fpf Ghf Fpf el xlks ajH eld Sfd wfgf Wfns wks rfu blys. wfgf Klks wd xfi Nks Sfo tjms cgf tys tlpf blks Xfus xlos; zH FU WlD alm eld zH xfi tjms Cfks eo Xfus QlIs alhs efi, eo al meld QlIs elks vfks wd ehs Blo Cfks Qli zks alhs zks Aos Sfd. a ajhs Rn ajhs Sfo vfks w a vlhs Agf, xjps Clms a vlhs Kli, Gus Ed a vlhs Jluf, zks ali rlo Xjus Cdf, zks zfn rlo Xjus afyf efi.

Jgf Slnf qfhs
eo Jgf Slnf Wnf zfp tMf Qms Sfd

Wnf tlpf blks tlks Vli Qjks wfgf Nfn tl cjp eld eo tl VfMs, ald Afu, zfd FlM vlhs tlpf Flhs Vfi WL Efkf Sfd rlo vgf ajH eld tjos tlpf blks Xfus Cfks Xfus Fpf Fjd. alm eld Fks zH vfd Nfks Kjps egf zH qhs afks zn, ajU efi eo Wnf GUs tjos Xfus Fpf WMf Bl Sfys vfd cfi alms Cos afps zH GUs wd Glu cj Kjm Flpf GUs tlpf wfuf Nfn Cfks, GUs Jl Af Cfks alhs Fpf Ajgf, Sfo Fpf Cm efi.

bn wlns

A bn wlns, Xln GUs tlpf efU A Vlg Flpf Jlhs bfks vjg wlns tfos Sfn rfu qlks ajU Nmf cln Alm bfks wlns Xof bfks Vli Sfd eld xlIf wfgf zks bfks Vli eld eo vfd Am Jfo cjm Sfd, rlo zks bfu xlIf bfks Vli Flpf Slms bn wlns a bfks Sfys ajy Alpf ajH eld eDf vfd Am Jfo cjm, Sfys bfks Vli.

A bn wlns cgf cjm zH Xln GUs cln, eo cfd Qjks bfks wlns wfgf eDf vfd Am Jfys blg Sfd rlo Fpf zH bfks Vli STys VfL;, zlus eMf wfgf Kp ali aju ali Jlpf wgf eld wfgf Jlus, Wnf Jfhf ajU efi Sfd rlo Fpf bfks Vli Sfys Fpf afu rfks, eo Wfhs wd efi Sfd Alm bn wlns zH Alm EfMf Sfd wd efi xjnf Fpf zH GUs Vlg alms A efi.

ajm Rlks bn wlns
  1. eo Rms r.
  2. eo bfks xms cji.
  3. eo vfd FlDf cji.
qfhs Jo efi Klu tjos Rms r bn wlns Rfp eld zks eld tjos bfks xms cji bn wlns Klu rlo vgf rju Rms r tjos eDf xnf xjnf zks. tjos vfd FlDf bn wlns eld rlozks tjos Rms r tlks Jo eDf vfd FlDf xnf. tD Qli rfu cfuf cuf wd efi.

Rms r, eo cfi xnf Jldf ajU Bk tlos Flms bfd Rms r eo ajU Nfuf bfd Sfys Jldf eld zH cfi Wfhs Xfos bfks wlns eld Sfd eld wfgf zks eld.

bfks xms cji, xnf vfd FlDf eo vfd rjos cjm Gfks a bfks vjg wlns Wfhs Alpf eld Rfp.

A bn wlns vj tjos tlpf blks Xfus eld eo afpf blks Xfus eld bn xnf vfd Afus afps Sfys Jo bn wlns Flpf rlo tjos tlpf blks eld eo afps blks. eo WMf tjos afpf blks rlo zks rlo tlpf blks WjL Xfus tlpf blks zd Xfus, eln WMf tjos tlpf blks Rfp Alm eo bfks tjms cfi wlns Alm rlo bfks WjL Xfus eo bn bfks alhs xfi wlns rlo bfks zd Xfus.

Sfys bfks Xfus Klu tjos CU Cfks bfks wlns eld Sfd eld wfgf eld Wfhs cfu ahs cjgf Cfks eo wd Klm Clks;. Sfys Rms r Klu tjos a bfks wlns qfks Cfks rlo eld; wfgf eld Flgf eo qfks Fpf zH Rms r cLf a bfks bn wlns Wfhs Cfks Rfp eln bfks Xfus Klu eo CU Cfks Rfks eld ems Sfd. vfd Afus Xfus eo tlpf Jo Flpf vjg wlns xfps cln rju vfd Afus CfLf a EfMf xos ajH eld rjIs Am Glks Am zM Am Jfo cjm.

A bn wlns rfu afpf cnf bn

cnf tlpf eo rju bfks Xfus cgf xjm xnf vfd Afus cgf Elps bn tlpf aks vlks Jlus rju bfks Xfus Fks zn xlos; rju vfd Afus zn a xlos xnf Ju bn wlns aks Bl. Wnf bn Klks Ju rju vfd Afus bfu zH bfks Vli Flpf bn Qli wlns STys rlks eln Ju rju bfks Xfus alm eld Xfos NlYf, ajU Fju, Wjks zn, efo Xfus bfks vjg wlns Flhs eld cjgf Clks. Wd bfks vjg wlns Rfks zks qfks zH Rms r Sfd.

A bn wlns rfu WIs efi Jo Qlp:
  1. Ghf wlns, Alm bn wlns
  2. wlns bks xos Sfd, Alm bn wlns
  3. blo zks Afu rps xhf, Alm bn wlns
  4. bfks wlns bfu Slnf xnf Sfd, Alm bn wlns vfm xnf.
  5. Clus rjm cjp, Alm bn wlns vjg cjp
  6. wfks AfIs, Alm bn wlns
  7. ali xgf, Alm bn wlns
cjp rj Sfm

qfhs Xln GUs tjos rfhf rjg alm eld efyf afu Rfp, tD qfhs wfgf Slms Fpf rfhf eld aMf rfhf. Rffhf rjg eo tlpf Jo Flpf qfhs GUs tjos efyf Fuf an afu, eo bfks Qjks afu efyf wfgf zks eld eo tjos rfhf rjg wfgf zks Sfd, Alm tjos Sjyf G xnf Fpf cji zH Rfp. eo Wnf tjos Klks qfhs an efi Sfd tlpf efU wfgf EfMf eld tlpf an rlo vgf EfMf Rfp.

A efyf afu Jlos vjg wlns
  1. cji
  2. Sjyf G
cji:

Slnf blks GUs Flpf vfp tlhs Fpf cji eo tjos wfo. Wnf tjos wfo Klks tos cfi Sfd Alm, GUs cfd Qjks Jlos vjg wlns Nfms zks tjos wfo ajm Rln rfn cji Alm bfks Sfys Cm Slms Fpf cji wd tjos wfo, eld efyf Vli Jlos vjg wlns a ali Jlus afps EfMf. Alm ajm Rln rfn cji efi xjnf eld alhf zH GUs Flpf eo tjos wfo wd cjp cfd, cjp QLf cfhf Fpf tlpf alms A Vlg zH GUs alm eld zH xji vfy efi.

cji rfu afpf cnf Fpf Qlp:

1. eo Fpf bfu Xfos bfks Vli afu Xfos eo JfMf Qjks Kgf Qjks Alpf xjnf Fpf afu Fpf Jfg zH bfks Vli afu. eo cjuf zks ahs Cfks eo tks bfks Jldf Qjks Fpf Alm rlo zks eDf bfks Jldf Sfys Jnf Xfos Qli rlo; Jo xjgf Qjks bfu Wjhs A Nm bfks Jldf xjnf Fpf xos xnf rlo; xjps Clms Jlkf Sjys zys WIs Klm, Wnf tlos vj tks Wn Sfys bfks xjgf xnf xjps Clms Sfd Alm rlo zks cks Xjm cks Ejps zH a tnf afu tnf Jfg a bfks Vli afu EfMf, eo EfMf Sfd Alm Ju rfks efyf eo wfgf EfMf Alm wfgf efyf.

2. eo bfks afu EfMf Sfd Clks Alm Ju ajH bfu a bfks cji ajH rfks efyf, Alm Ju rju bfks xjgf zks cks Ajgf Sfd alm eld efyf xnf ajm xjps Clms Jlkf Sjys Flpf zks vj tks Sfd, JfIs Cm Alm bfks cji Ju Fpf cji bfu Ju bfu Wjhs zH bfks Jldf Flpf Fpf afu zH bfks Vli afu Sfys. Wn Fpf cji Klks wfif eld Alm rju bfks xjgf Sfys Am Xjif alm eld Fpf ali.

cji eo tlpf Jo Flpf GUs Vlg xnf cfo efyf zks GUs EfMf eld Sfd Clks, Jo rfu ajhs Slnf tks Sjyf zH GUs. GUs tjos Fpf tlps alms A Khf vlh Jo EfMf Bl.

Sjyf G:

Wnf vfpf vfd tfos Sfn tjos wfo Fpf cji Klu rfu tlpf blks GUs bn Fpf Sfo Rln efi bfu Sf zks Sjyf G Sfys Xln Vli wfpf Cfdf al meld tjos Alm GUs xjnf Slms Sjyf G eld zH xfi efi.

Sjyf G eo tlpf Jo tjos Sjos efyf Jlos Xjif Sjks xnf Jlos vjg wlns tlks wos. Klu Qli rfu zys; Jo Sjyf G, eo afu an afu Qjks Alm Flgf tjos an Sjyf G Flpf JlDs Jfo xnf JlDs cjo.

efyf JlDs Jfo

ajm Sjyf G eo tjos zH an afu wd efi:
  1. zlH ajU Jluf ald Fpf a Kmf bks xnf Fpf a Xjif xnf Vld ajH tlos Jllp cjp wd vfus.
  2. zlH Kfuf Jdf, Alks ajd, Ajm ajd Fpf zH a ajm Kjuf ajH tlos Jlp cjp tlos Flms wd vfus zH a EfMf.
  3. ajU Qjg eld Kmf Fpf zH a bks.
  4. vjgf zks Wfns Jl wlg afk Bk ElD; afms;, Fpf zH a EfMf.
  5. ajU JDs Fpf zH a ajU Fju EfMf ahs A.
  6. ali afhs Kfuf Alg Nldf Jldf elif wfgf bfu.
efyf JllDs cjo
  1. afu zlH Jldf, Fpf q Jldf a bfks afu EfMf.
  2. afu Wfks zn, Fpf zH a EfMf.
  3. afu BfIs, Fpf zH a EfMf.
  4. afu CMs, Fpf zH a EfMf.
  5. Fpf Xo zM a Jld Nmf.
  6. Fpf Fjgf ali xnf EUs Cfhs.
Ghf el

eo Wnf rfu tlpf SfL vfks NfMs tlos rlo Sfd, xfi tjms eks vfks, rlo zks JfIs wd efi:
  1. alm bfks Jlps eld vlhs qfhs Kjks wf, Alm JfIs Xfus, FIs eld bn bfks vfks xnf bfks Jlps wlns Fpf tfms SfL
  2. ajnf afpf blks cfu G, bfu Am bfd aks xfi tjms eks NfMs. tlpf blks vfks tfgs Jfd, tlpf blks xfi Nfms rjg. bfks vfks tfgs Jfd eo bfu eDf bfks vfks rlo alhs xfi STys Fpf vfyf bfu. eln bfks xfi Nfms rjg eo bfu eDf bfks WjL Jlps, bfu Nfms rjg Nfms AfMf aks eks xfi tjms eks NfMs.
  3. tlpf SfL Xfus zn xlos; tys Sjd bos bfu Fpf Ghf, tlpf SfL Xfus xlos Fpf Xfus CU xjgf. tlpf blks Xfus xlos bfu Fpf Xfus QjIs alhs aks vfpf. tys tlpf efU vluf, tlpf efU Ag, tlpf efU alH, afpf JlH xldf, ajm efi eo alm bfu Fpf Ehs zH aks xfi tjms eks NfMs.
  4. JfIs tlpf efU xjps bfu Fpf wif Ghf, wif Ghf eo tlpf efU Gfyf wlns vfhs xfi eks NfMs Rfp.
xfi tjms eks NfMs
  1. ajnf afpf blks qli G, rfks Fpf A tlos Am bfd eDf afpf blks qlu G Flpf rfks aks eks vfks rfks.
  2. JfIs tlpf SfL Xfus xlos Fpf Xfus CU xjgf, ajm Xfus CU xjgf efi eo rlo tjos zH Wnf GlH Ghf xlks rlo alm eld ali FjLf Ag qldf.
  3. Wnf Ghf el xlks, ajm FU Ghf rlo ajH bfu Agf, xfi tjms eks NfMs cgf rju xjps tfgs Jlgf, Gfyf tfgs rm aH bfks Nfms bfks WlD alm bfu tjk clhs Fpf cfi.
  4. xfi tjms eks NfMs rfu tlpf blks tjms afm cjuf, bfi tfks afm cjuf, bfi BfIs afm cjuf Sjd eld Flys bfks NfMs bfu Fpf cfi a JD cfu.
  5. xfi tjms eks NfMs vj JfIs tlpf SfL Xfus xlos zH ajm FU Ghf alm bfu ali bfos aks eks A.
  6. ajm bfd Bl zfL Sfys GlH Ghf eo bfks tjms afm cjuf eld BL bfd, rju bfks NfMs qlm rd afm Qgf zH xfi tjms eks vfks.
cjo t vjgf ClTf tgf vji

ajm efi eo GUs tjos zH Jo A ad qMf A efyf xos wd JDf efi.
  1. Klo rjos
  2. vjms Kjjjhs clos
  3. Xfn rn
  4. rjos clos
Jfo t ClTf Kgf tgf
  1. vfd FlDf
  2. JlH cfus
  3. vfd JfH xlM Wjof
  4. vfd JfH Cg
  5. JfH XTf
  6. JfH WjL eDf Klof
  7. Xdf GlTf Elys
  8. JlH Klof
vfd FlDf, cfus, JfH, eo zH A ad qMf, tjos zH G cfhf Sfys Xln GUs. JfH WjL eDf Klof tjos zH A effyf xos, A ad qMf rjos rjyf xjuf, rjos clos, tks Kgf cjo Jo.

Xdf GlTf Elys eo rjhf tjos Nfn A efyf xos, bks xos CU FlM WjL eld FlM zlDf, xnf tjos tlos bn WjL zlDf rfks tlos Fjm.

Klof, tjos rjhf zH vfd Xjm zfgf vjys Nfn CU FlM WjL eld FlM zlDf ems A tlos vfM.

GUs rfu A ad qMf Sfys vfd rjos Wjof Qlp.
  1. Sjyf xjuf - zH Fuf JlDs A EfMf A qgs Sfys vfd cfi.
  2. bfd Wks - zH Fuf JlDss A EfMf A qlgs Sfys vfd cfi.
  3. JfMf Ghf - tjos zH vfd Xjm tlos rlo.
  4. tjms Xlp - tjos rjU CU qlks vfks w zH vfd Xjm rfu tlpf blks zlns rDf.
Jo tjos vfd Am cfMf xjuf Fpf A ad qMf
  1. Jfo Wo eo clos Am eDf rlos ClYf, Klo rjos.
  2. VMs vjms eo clos Am eDf rjos ClYf, Xfn rn.
  3. tks Kgf cjo Jo eo Fpf cjo Jo tjhs Qms ems qlks Jo Sfys to cfi.
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